Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Education
A crucial first step in tackling the problem of prescription drug abuse is to educate every sector of our state about the dangers of misusing and abusing such drugs.
In most cases it is not a lack of information that creates a gap in people’s knowledge it is the orientation and relationship to prescription drugs that create an environment in which we think we have no choice but to misuse and abuse these drugs. The education that will be provided by the Georgia Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Initiative (GPDAPI) will be researched-based and directed toward empowering the learner to take action on solutions to preventing prescription drug misuse and abuse.
The prescription drug epidemic that we find ourselves in is simply a product of a social norm of our society that there is no pain or discomfort that cannot be gotten rid of by a pill or some other type of drug. When the citizenry decides that the prevention of prescription drug abuse is about taking more personal responsibility for the state of our own well-being and limiting the ingestion of prescription drugs to those that are absolutely necessary to take, then and only then will we see begin to see a significant decrease in the epidemic we find ourselves facing going into the future.
This is by no means to deny the very positive results of some prescription drugs to reduce the often intense and chronic physical and/or mental suffering that certain people might otherwise experience. The use of such drugs have meant that people have been able to live their lives relatively free from the physical or mental dysfunction or anguish that otherwise would mean a relatively limited life.
There are many government and private agencies involved in educating the public about prescription drug misuse and abuse including the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Narconon International, Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), and National Families in Action (NFIA). All of these education efforts seek to educate patients and the general public about the appropriate use, safe storage, and secure disposal of prescription drugs. They also seek to educate people about the risks associated with misuse and abuse of prescription drugs.
Below are resources that are available to educate the general public, youth, adults, and seniors about the dangers of misusing and abusing prescription drugs.
 Misuse of prescription drugs is defined as the use of prescription drugs without a prescription or use that occurred simply for the experience or feeling the drug caused. National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Substate Regions: 2004 to 2006. 2008. Available at: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k8/pain/substate.htm. Accessed March 23, 2012.
The nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) has become an increasing public health concern in the United States, with abuse rates rising rapidly since the late 1990s. Yet preventing and reducing prescription drug misuse represents a major challenge for several reasons. The factors included in this tool have been organized according to the socio-ecological model, a multi-level framework that allows us to consider the different contexts in which risk and protective factors exist. Click Here to view this guide.
How Addiction Happens
Opioid Overdose Rescue: 3 STEPS TO SAVE A LIFE by OpioidOverdoseRescue.com
Overdose is a medical emergency. Signs of overdose include being unresponsive, making gurgling/snore-like sounds, breathing that is very slow, shallow, or the person is not breathing at all. The victim’s face make be pale or ashen, fingernails and lips may be blue and the heartbeat may be slow, erratic or non-existent. If you have reason to suspect opioid overdose, your quick action can save a life.
You can help lower the tragic death rate from drug overdose by learning the Three Steps to Save a Life, and telling your friends and family members to do the same.
Learning these Three Steps is especially important if:
- Someone you know is taking opioid pain medications or using illegal opioids
- Someone you know is recovering from opioid addiction, because if the person relapses, his or her tolerance will be less so the person is at a greater risk of overdose
Many states, like Georgia, have Medical Amnesty Laws which can give amnesty from arrest for both the caller and the victim in the case of a medical emergency, so don’t be afraid to call for help.
Many states have made Naloxone available without an individual prescription. Ask for it at your local pharmacy.
Rescue breathing and chest compressions can keep oxygenated blood flowing. Good Samaritan laws protect the good faith efforts of those trying to save a life in an emergency. Just do your best.
National Safety Council - State Evaluations
National Safety Council - Prescription Nation 2016 Addressing America's Drug Epidemic
This is the most fatal drug crisis on record in United States history, and too many families and communities are left to suffer in its path. These highly addictive medicines have been incorrectly marketed as the most effective method for treating pain and, subsequently, liberally prescribed. Prescription opioids also serve as gateway drugs to heroin, which has a nearly identical chemical makeup and is cheaper and sometimes easier to obtain.
The facts are clear:
- More than 259 million opioid prescriptions were written in 2012
- 1.9 million Americans are addicted to opioid painkillers
- The U.S. makes up 4.6 percent of the world’s populations but consumes 81 percent of the world supply of oxycodone
- 4.3 million adolescents and adults reported non-medical use of prescription opioids in 2014
- 4 out of 5 heroin users started on prescription opioids
Partnership for Drug-Free Kids
HEROIN AND OTHER OPIOIDS: “From Understanding to Action”
Heroin and other opioids are ravaging communities across America. Deaths from heroin increased 248% between 2010 and 2014. More Americans die from drug overdoses than in car crashes, and this increasing trend is driven by Rx painkillers. To see and read more about this epidemic and what you can do about it please Click Here (http://www.drugfree.org/heroin).
General Public Websites
SAMHSA’s Rx Drug Abuse Prevention Grantee Stories, Tools, and Other Resources
SAMHSA Rx Prevention Tools
Click Here to discover Rx drug abuse prevention grantee stories, tools, videos, and other resources to support your prevention efforts. The site has 5 fantastic resources you can view from a 1 hour webinar on “Preventing Prescription Abuse in the Workplace” to a webinar on “Preventing the Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs: Using the PDMP and Other Strategies for Success”.
Drug Free America Foundation
Drug Free America Foundation is proud to promote the Generation Rx Initiative which began at The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy in 2007 as a program to enhance medication safety and combat the increasing misuse and abuse of prescription drugs through educational prevention. Partnering with the Cardinal Health Foundation, the program has created toolkits aimed at specific audiences that are available to the public at no cost. There are a toolkit for elementary, teen, college, community, patient, and senior. Something for everybody. To view and utilize all six toolkits Click HERE!
Opioid Tool Kit
The Opioid Tool Kit has been designed to educate people about the opioid epidemic and offer strategies that can be used to address this crisis. “The Tool Kit is also intended to encourage collaboration with different community sectors and stakeholders to make successful and lasting change,”. It is a comprehensive guide that defines what an opioid is, examines the scope of the problem, and addresses why opioids are a continuing health problem. The Tool Kit also provides strategies for the prevention of prescription drug misuse and overdose deaths and includes a community advocacy and action plan, as well as additional resources. To learn more Click HERE!
National Rx Drug Abuse Summit
If you have missed the previous five National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summits then don’t miss the next one! The 2017 National Rx Drug Abuse & Heron Summit will be held at the Westin Peachtree Plaza in Atlanta on April 17th through the 20th. Stay tuned RIGHT HERE for online registration. The Summit is the largest national collaboration of professionals from local, state and federal agencies, business, academia, clinicians, treatment providers, counselors, educators, state and national leaders, and advocates impacted by Rx drug abuse and heroin use. Join your colleagues, sponsors and exhibitors at the 2017 National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit . Workshop sessions at the Summit were organized into seven Educational Tracks tailored to provide stakeholders timely and relevant information for their particular field: Clinical, Education & Advocacy, Law Enforcement, Pharmacy, Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs, Third-Party Payer, or Treatment. The presenters for the workshop sessions included the best of the best in the field of Rx Drug Abuse Prevention, Intervention, and Treatment.
The National Rx Drug Abuse Summit drew approximately 2,100 participants from 49 states, the District of Columbia, Canada and New Zealand. The Summit is the largest national collaboration of professionals from local, state and federal agencies, business, academia, clinicians, treatment providers, counselors, educators, state and national leaders, and advocates impacted by Rx drug abuse. Through this type of collaboration, your work can be more impactful in bringing solutions to this issue that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) declared a public health crisis in 2012.
General Audience PowerPoint - Prescription Drug Abuse: It’s Not What the Doctor Ordered
CLICK HERE to download the Georgia Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Initiative Training PowerPoint designed to be used by anyone wishing to learn more or teach others about prescription drug abuse in Georgia and how to prevent it.
Attorney General of Georgia, Sam Olens
This website has useful information on the prescription drug abuse issue as it pertains to Georgia. To read more please click here: http://law.ga.gov/00/channel_title/0,2094,87670814_177825814,00.html
U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
NIDA defines prescription drug abuse as “taking a prescription medication that is not prescribed for you, or taking it for reasons or in dosages other than as prescribed.” Abuse of prescription drugs can produce serious health effects, including addiction. Commonly abused classes of prescription medications include opioids (for pain), central nervous system depressants (for anxiety and sleep disorders), and stimulants (for ADHD and narcolepsy). To read further please click here: http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/prescription-medications
A second NIDA website named “NIDAMED” contains a multitude of information for Medical & Health Professionals. To learn more about the information that NIDAMED has made available please Click Here.
National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE)
“EDUCATE before YOU MEDICATE”
One of the original patient safety coalitions, NCPIE has been working to advance the safe, appropriate use of medicines through enhanced communication since 1982. To read more about NCPIE please click here: http://www.talkaboutrx.org/a_user_registration.jsp
School Based Rx Drug Prevention Education Lessons
National Education Association (NEA) Rx Prevention Resources
The National Education Association (NEA) offers an online resource of three sets of school-based Rx Drug Abuse Prevention Lessons for 5th grade through the 12th grade to be facilitated by the teacher in her/his classroom.
Lesson Plans for 5th - 8th grades click on this link: Rx for Understanding: Be Smart About Prescription Drugs
Lesson Plans for 9th - 12th grades click here: Rx for Understanding: Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse
The lessons were developed by the NEA Health Information Network (NEA HIN www.neahin.org) which is a non-profit health and safety organization closely aligned with the NEA. NEA HIN is a non-profit that offers information, programs, services, and policies that improve the health and safety of NEA members and the students they serve. The HIN serves as the “go to” place on issues of health and safety. NEA HIN works with all their partners and affiliates to provide school communities with vital and timely information that supports successful learning environments and student achievement.
NAE HIN offers two resources to help educate young people about the misuse, abuse, and proper use of prescription drugs. The first is called, “Rx for Understanding: Be Smart About Prescription Drugs.” It is a standards-based cross-curricular teaching resource geared for students in grades 5-8. This resource contains five sequenced lessons for grades 5-6 and five sequenced lessons for grades 7-8. Each lesson acts as a mini-unit focusing on these same five lesson themes:
Rx for Understanding: Be Smart About Prescription Drugs has a an Educator’s Resource Guide for grades 5-8 which includes background information, lesson plans, reproducible student activity sheets, parent information, and national academic standards alignment charts (including National Health Education Standards and Common Core State Standards).
The second of the two resources is “Rx for Understanding: Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse” is a standards-based, cross-curricular teaching resource geared for students in grades 9-12. It contains 10 lessons that lead students through an inquiry-based, technology inspired project enabling an opportunity to apply the key concepts learned about the misuse, abuse, and proper use of prescription drugs. It too has an Educator’s Resource Guide that includes background information, lesson plans, a reproducible student journal, teaching resources, parent information, and national academic standards alignment charts (including National Health Education Standards and Common Core State Standards).
What is Not Prescribed?
The Not Prescribed Lesson provides teens in middle and high schools with the science and the stories to understand the risks of misusing & abusing prescription drugs and the tools and resources to manage their own health as well as advocate for their peers’ health. This standards-based lesson leverages personal testimony from teens and their families through compelling videos and provides educators with a science-based interactive presentation to facilitate conversation and learning. For additional information or questions, please contact email@example.com
This website is dedicated to educating people about youth dying from drug abuse. To read further please click here: www.friendsdontletfriendsdie.com/index.shtml
NIDA for Teens – The Science behind Drug Abuse
PEERx is a website learning library that is dedicated to TEENS. This website provides a wealth of information in a teen friendly way. The information is geared to explaining to TEENs that there is a reason that prescription drugs are intended to be taken under the direction of a doctor: when used improperly they can be dangerous. The information presented gives the science behind the facts-- that prescription drugs can have devastating affects over the short and long term. TEENS get it straight from science that there are short term consequences like unpredictable accidental death to long-term health consequences when prescription drugs are used incorrectly or abuse by some. To read more please click here: http://www.teens.drugabuse.gov/peerx/partner-toolkit/
The objectives of the Youth GenerationRx Challenge are to increase awareness about the dangers of prescription drug abuse and misuse and encourage action. It can be as simple as having a conversation with others or partnering with a local pharmacist or other health professional to educate the members of your community. Click here to register and receive a downloadable GenerationRx Challenge Youth Tool Kit: http://cardinalhealth.com/us/en/generationrx
CSN Resource Guide on Medication Abuse Prevention
The amount of prescription painkillers prescribed and sold in the U.S. increased nearly four times from 1999 to 2010 (CDC), yet there has not been an overall change in the amount of pain that Americans report. (Chang, H., American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2014). Prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications are the most commonly abused substances after marijuana and alcohol for Americans over the age of 13 (National Institute on Drug Abuse). In 2013, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) found that nearly 18 percent of U.S. high school students had taken prescription medications without a prescription at least once. Teens and young adults are especially at risk of abusing prescription medications because they are widely available, free or inexpensive, and falsely believed to be safer than illicit drugs.
This resource guide provides links to organizations, programs, publications, and resources focused on prescription drug overdose prevention among youth and young adults. It is divided into six sections: (1) Organizations, (2) Policy and Legislation, (3) Current Prevention Programs and Resources, (4) Publications, (5) Children's Safety Network (CSN) Webinars, and (6) Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Publications. Click Here to read the Medication Abuse Prevention: 2016 Resource Guide.
Prescription drug abuse means using a medication in a different way than how it should be used, including using greater amounts than prescribed. Even if a medicine is specifically prescribed for you, if you don’t follow the instructions for using it safely, it may have the potential to be misused. But taking medicine that wasn’t prescribed for you at all is abuse. It’s no different than abusing alcohol or illicit drugs. Click Here to learn more.
Not My Family
This is the first forum in the series "NOT MY FAMILY." Learn more about the epidemic facing our families, why it is occurring, and what you can do to stop it. ** This forum is brought to you by a partnership of agencies and community members dedicated to providing the Hall County community with information, resources, and actions to address the drug problems of Hall County.
The Adult GenerationRx Challenge toolkit contains PowerPoint slides, a handout, videos, a quiz and other materials needed to easily make a short (15-20 minute) presentation to adults in community-based groups to raise awareness of the scope and consequences of the misuse and abuse of prescription medications. Click here to register and receive a downloadable GenerationRx Adult Educational Toolkit: http://cardinalhealth.com/us/en/generationrx
“EDUCATE before YOU MEDICATE”
One of the original patient safety coalitions, NCPIE has been working to advance the safe, appropriate use of medicines through enhanced communication since 1982. This website highlights the need to take action to prevent & address prescription drug abuse on College Campuses. To read more about what NCPIE is doing on College Campuses please click here: http://www.talkaboutrx.org/rx_program.jsp
“Drug Dangers” is a website that was developed to educate the public about the dangers of certain pharmaceutical drugs. Their goal, as is ours at The Council on Alcohol and Drugs, are to keep the public educated and informed of the dangers of medications that are currently available on the market today. As we all know just because the doctor prescribes the medication and the pharmacy dispenses it DOESN’T MEAN IT IS FREE FROM DOING US HARM. As with every pharmaceutical and OTC medication there are side effects that vary from a runny nose to cardiac arrest or respiratory failure. It is our responsibility to be informed. By spreading awareness, we believe we can make a difference thus saving lives! Please Click Here to visit the DrugDangers.com website and view pertinent information regarding opioid medication.
Dreamland: The True Tale of America’s Opiate Epidemic
In 1929, in the blue-collar city of Portsmouth, Ohio, a company built a swimming pool the size of a football field; named Dreamland, it became the vital center of the community. Now, addiction has devastated Portsmouth, as it has hundreds of small rural towns and suburbs across America—addiction like no other the country has ever faced. How that happened is the riveting story of Dreamland: The True Tale of America’s Opiate Epidemic.
Acclaimed journalist Sam Quinones weaves together two riveting tales of capitalism run amok whose unintentional collision has been a catastrophic opiate epidemic.
The unfettered prescribing of pain medications during the 1990s reached its peak in Purdue Pharma’s campaign to market OxyContin, its new, expensive—extremely addictive—miracle painkiller.
Meanwhile, a massive influx of black tar heroin—cheap, potent, and originating from one small county, Xalisco, Nayarit, on Mexico’s west coast and independent of any drug cartel,
assaulted small town and mid-sized cities across the country, driven by a brilliant, almost unbeatable marketing and distribution system. Together these phenomena continue to lay waste to communities from Tennessee to Oregon, Indiana to New Mexico.
Finally, though, Quinones finds hope in the same Rust Belt river town that led the country into the opiate epidemic – Portsmouth, Ohio, where townspeople are turning away from dependence and toward economic as well as municipal self-reliance, and, with that, recovery.
Introducing a memorable cast of characters—pharma pioneers, young Mexican entrepreneurs, narcotics investigators, survivors, and parents — Quinones shows how these tales fit together.
Dreamland is a revelatory account of the corrosive threat facing America and its heartland. Click Here to learn more.
The Seniors Toolkit is designed to provide materials and resources for educating individuals, especially older adults and caregivers, on getting the best results from their medications and how to avoid medication-related problems or “adverse drug events. Click here to register and receive a fully downloadable GenerationRx Senior/Best Use of Medications Toolkit: http://cardinalhealth.com/us/en/generationrx
National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE)
Medication Use Safety Training (MUST)
Medication Use Safety Training (MUST) for Seniors™ is an online educational campaign and workshop designed to promote safe and appropriate medication use. This interactive program includes a ready-to-use PowerPoint presentation with presenter notes and handouts, tips for taking medications safely, feature articles, videos with experts and much more. Click on this link http://www.mustforseniors.org/ to see more details of MUST.
Issue Brief: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and Administration on Aging (AoA) recognize the value of strong partnerships for addressing behavioral health issues among older adults. This Issue Brief is part of a larger collaboration between SAMHSA and AoA to support the planning and coordination of aging and behavioral health services for older adults in states and communities. Click Here to read the entire issue brief.
American Society on Aging (ASA) & American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP) Foundation
Adult Meducation "Improving Medication Adherence in Older Adults"
The American Society on Aging (ASA) and the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP) Foundation have collaborated on the development of an medication adherence program called Adult Meducation: Improving Medication Adherence in Older Adults, a web-based program to educate ASA and ASCP members on important aspects of medication adherence in older adults. Please click the following link http://www.adultmeducation.com/index.html to view the website.
Center for Applied Research Solutions (CARS)
The Elderly and Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse, By Belinda Basca
Prescription drug use is on the rise in the United States. With that comes a rise in abuse and misuse, especially among the elderly as they are more likely to be taking prescription medications. Individuals 65 years and older account for one-third of all medications prescribed, which is disproportionate to the percentage of the population that they represent, approximately 13% of the population in the United States. To read the entire article Click Here.
National Committee for Quality Assurance NCQA
Drugs to be Avoided by the Elderly
The National Committee for Quality Assurance is a private, 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to improving health care quality. Since its founding in 1990, NCQA has been a central figure in driving improvement throughout the health care system, helping to elevate the issue of health care quality nationally. For information on drugs to be avoided by the elderly please click here http://www.ncqa.org/Portals/0/Newsroom/2007/Drugs_Avoided_Elderly.pdf. To visit NCQA’s website please click here: http://www.ncqa.org/AboutNCQA.aspx.